Tag Archives for " AI "

woman scanning barcode in a warehouse

Top Retail Trends in Supply Chain Management

Top Retail Trends in Supply Chain Management

As we move forward into 2019, it is only fitting to look at the latest trends in supply chain management. The supply chain is the backbone of e-commerce and in today’s age, it is more diversified than ever before. New technological innovations are being introduced in an effort to dilute this complexity. The supply chain is changing from being technologically enabled to being technologically driven. The high complexity of online markets, as well as the ever-changing and increasing customer demands, requires proactive stances from retailers. Here are some trends that you should consider in your supply chain to stay ahead of your competition.


Artificial Intelligence (AI)

AI is the technology of the future. A wide array of self-learning algorithms are available in the market today. Huge amounts of data are generated, analyzed, linked and patterned by data scientists. With machine learning operating on this big data, decisive knowledge can be derived from it, regardless of the amount of data. AI also has multiple applications in the supply chain. Logistical coordination and organization in warehouses is being driven by intelligent and autonomous technology such as drones, robots, and self-driving vehicles. Chatbots can also be a function of logistics, for example, they can be programmed to give information such as "Your package has just been shipped", or "your order is going to be delayed". Zion Market Research published a report stating that global AI in supply chain management is estimated to cross 6,548 million USD by the year 2024. AI is an all-encompassing solution that will fundamentally revolutionize and influence the future of the supply chain.


Immersive Technologies

In the supply chain, the use of augmented, virtual or mixed realities isn’t a novelty anymore. Augmented Reality (AR) offers various assistive technologies that facilitate the employees in their day to day work. Hands-free picking aided by AR could take care of simple picking tasks. Employees wearing smart glasses enhanced by AR can immediately view barcode data on the screen and improve their productivity. Tasks in the future of the supply chain could be significantly simplified using smart glasses, displays and simulators. From the customer’s vantage, AR makes virtual trial and test of products possible without the need for actual physical products. This customer behavior could impact the supply chain in the long run with fewer products being kept at store locations and speedy shipping from larger storages in warehouses. Gartner forecasts that by 2022, 70% of enterprises will be experimenting with immersive technologies with 25% having deployed them in production.


3D Printing

This technology has found its way into almost every imaginable industry and continues to provide limitless opportunities. 3D printing is not only used for prototypes and small series products but is being utilized in mass production of items such as car parts. The advantages of 3D printing will be even better utilized in the future. 3D-printed parts can be manufactured easily, at a cheaper cost and without compromising on quality; these factors make it especially attractive for the production of cost-intensive individual parts required in the aerospace industry, for example. Ever since its introduction, 3D printing has been evolving and improving, which makes it a viable addition to the supply chain of the future. 3D printing can not only meet rising customer requirements but also significantly shorten the supply chain. With the possibility of faster prototyping and reduced cost of production, the applications are endless, particularly in the field of consumer goods and medical care. 


These are only some of the trends that you can keep in mind while upgrading your supply chain. Artificial intelligence currently holds the highest potential as it is being rapidly innovated and integrated into every aspect of e-commerce. 3D printing and Immersive Technologies have their own upsides and will only help shape the efficiency and ramp up the dynamics of the future supply chain. Keeping up with these trends will give you a significant edge over the competition and assure lasting viability in the market.

Read more about how leveraging AI could improve supply chain efficiency for Grocery Retailers.

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Advantages of Leveraging User Generated Content for Retailers

Advantages of Leveraging User Generated Content for Retailers

Customer shopping habits have changed rapidly over the past decade. Customers today are looking for retailers that they can connect and engage with. Retailers must also change their marketing methods to interact with customers in an organic manner and provide an authentic brand experience.

One of the methods that is gaining popularity is the use of user-generated content (UGC). UGC is social media content created and shared between customers. Consumers want to be recognized for their input and as a result, retailers can benefit from the online discussion of their products. UGC can allow retailers to engage with their customers before, during and after a purchase. It provides customers with opportunities to promote the brands they like.

UGC in Marketing

UGC goes beyond mere likes or shares on social media. Customers often upload well-captured photographs or videos of the product. This content may even include comments and feedback about their experiences while using the product. Customers also leave reviews or offer recommendations of products they’ve purchased and used. UGC lets existing customers speak to future customers.

Given a choice between believing an advertisement by a retailer or a recommendation by another person, consumers tend to choose the latter. In fact, 93% of the consumers feel that UGC is helpful when making a purchase decisions.

Customers are continually bombarded by advertisements, but the impact is especially powerful when a customer feels a connection with another customer's experience. UGC works best when the message is real and authentic.

For example, cosmetics retailers benefit when their customers share pictures while wearing their products. Make-up artists are very popular on Instagram and they endorse the cosmetics brands they like. Followers of these make-up artists see these recommendations as credible and as a result, they are more likely to buy based on the recommendations. This user generated content showcases how the product works with a practical example, and without a heavy sell by the manufacturer/retailer. The result is that the credibility of the make-up artist is translated to the product and subsequently to the manufacturer/retailer.

UGC in Customer Retention

As a retailer, your job is to attract customers. However, it is equally crucial for you to nurture existing customers. How often are you creating rewards or special offers based on your customers purchase history? Have you considered utilizing UGC to showcase related or compatible products to existing customers?

You've made a big investment in attracting and nurturing your customer base. Don't lose it!

  1. Find UGC for your products where ever it exists and get it in front of new customers. Let your existing customers and fans do some of the hard marketing work for you. 
  2. Use social media to create an online community where users can discuss the products they’ve bought and offer recommendations to each other. Repost the best content on your official channels.
  3. Encourage customers to discover and share multiple uses of a product. Use UGC to showcase the versatility of your products. This retains old customers while drawing in. Retailers can also hold events like sales to boost customer interaction.

Artificial Intelligence in Curation of UGC

UGC is a key element of a successful marketing plan. With the growth of social media, content is being created every second. This can become an invaluable resource. The problem is that most of this content is uncurated as it's published. 

Learn to leverage Artificial Intelligence (AI) to augment your marketing team. You can employ AI to curate UGC and use it for your benefit, by helping your human curation teams to curate faster and with higher accuracy. A side effect is that you can quickly become aware of product issues or bad publicity from a user review, and avoid the business risk associated with that. New ways of employing the content are coming out as the digital channels continue to diversify. You must curate UGC if you want to harness its power.

Trust is key. The conversations initiated by UGC can boost your bottom line. Nurture and reward your best content creators, and you'll see your customer base grow.

Of course with a growing customer base comes increased brand awareness, customer reach, and revenue.

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The Rise of Conversational Commerce

The Rise of Conversational Commerce

Conversational AI is breaking the frontiers of retailer-customer interactions in today’s world. E-commerce used to be about selling products without offering customers a way express needs. However, conversations and personal interactions are essential in e-commerce. It helps retailers understand the customers’ requirements and offer customized products for them.

Today, about 5 billion users across the globe use messaging apps, with a fast-growing adoption rate. Social media and messaging apps are the preferred communication channels for millennials. Retailers can reach their customers by leveraging these messaging apps. Artificial intelligence is one medium that enables conversational commerce to instantly connect with customers. It helps engage and personalize communication to customers, thus driving sales for the business.

Conversational commerce is a two-way discussion between retailers and their customers through chat, messaging apps or voice technology, leading to a fruitful interaction that results in a value-based transaction. It allows retailers to create and nurture a relationship with their customers.

 

Enhancing customer shopping experience

Conversational commerce offers new avenues to connect with customers and improve the user experience.

Suppose a customer is planning to buy a Mother’s Day present, he/she would ideally step into a store and tell an associate about his/her requirement and get recommendations to buy an ideal gift.

Conversational commerce lets retailers take the learnings from the experience and automate the entire process. Retailers can integrate chatbots on their websites or use Virtual Personal Assistants to converse with customers through their online stores. From instantly answering questions to offering personalized choices, automation in commerce boosts interactions.

Additionally, conversational commerce can enable a follow-up experience for customers who abandon their cart. Instead of sending them an email that takes them through a long process to finish shopping, a direct message is a better approach. With a simple message, retailers can inquire whether the customer is willing to purchase the product, ask queries or requires to be reminded later. This allows the customer to take action and complete a purchase, all within the messaging app.

After a customer has purchased an item, retailers can notify about the shipment of the order, allowing customers to easily track their package. Once the order is delivered, retailers can connect with the customers to rate the overall experience, submit reviews or share pictures, with the click of a button.

 

Driving online sales

“Conversations are the driving force behind Conversions”

Customers want an easy and simple platform to purchase their desired products. Having a direct line of communication with their customers helps retailers make sure of sales. Conversational commerce is the way to engage customers at the point of sale to increase the rate of conversion. It opens the door for retailers to have a deeper interaction with customers during the crucial period between winning or losing a sale.

Conversational commerce reduces sales & support costs, overcoming the challenges of mobile browsing. It is a direct, personalized, dialog-driven approach to establishing long-term relationships, collecting data and increasing sales.

 

The purpose of conversational commerce is to provide personalization and convenience throughout a customer’s journey, from sales to service. It helps create a positive experience for the customer and earn loyalty. Moreover, it represents a customized online presence that lets customers request information they need rather than depend on browsing aimlessly through an online store.

Conversational commerce is a big deal as it represents a paradigm shift in the way retailers interact with their customers. It will have a huge impact on the entire customer shopping experience.

 

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Leveraging AI to Improve the Supply Chain Efficiency for Grocery Retailers

Leveraging AI to Improve the Supply Chain Efficiency for Grocery Retailers

Food companies are increasingly prioritizing supply chain transparency and efficiency. IBM expanded its food supply chain network, IBM Food Trust, with Carrefour rolling out the solution to all of its brands worldwide by 2022 and Topco Associates, Wakefern, and suppliers Beefchain, Dennick Fruit Source, Scoular and Smithfield joining the blockchain traceability program.

Half of U.S. grocery retailers are turning to artificial intelligence to improve supply chain efficiency. Nearly two thirds of the 50 retailers surveyed, most of which were grocery executives and managers, struggle with a disconnect between systems, and 48% rate their forecasting technology as average to very poor. While they would prefer that each supply chain component work together, few retailers have established a unified process.

The challenge for grocery retailers is that they lack connected systems, with consumers indicating they have separate demand planning, replenishment, allocation and order management systems for store and e-commerce orders. Combined with the fact that a small portion of consumers indicating they don’t manage each of their modules on the same platform, disparate demand replenishment systems appear to be a significant burden to efficiency.

Retailers are being pressured to push past barriers and produce more accurate demand forecasts. The pace of innovation is a significant issue, with 43% of grocery retailers saying their technology can’t keep up with business demands. Forty-two percent describe less-than-optimal synchronization between their inventory and channels, and nearly as many worry about fulfilment complexities, stocking inefficiencies and high product lead time.

When they do invest in needed technology, grocery stores are most inclined to spend on supply chain systems that increase stock availability and decrease stock holding, as 44% invest in new technology because their existing systems are unable to sustain new growth.

In an effort to keep reasonable service levels, food retailers often tend to overstock, but then over course-correct and understock instead. While 43% say they’re challenged by lack of real-time visibility of overall supply chain inventory, six in 10 say they are actively taking steps to address this hurdle and increase inventory visibility.

AI and machine learning hold a lot of potential to improve supply chain efficiency, and forward-looking retailers are already investing in these technologies. Grocery retailers say AI’s greatest potential to improve supply chain management relates to quality and speed of planning insights, while nearly 50% identified demand management as one of the top three areas for AI in the next five years.

One in three food retailers incorporate AI capabilities into their supply chain management processes, and one in four are working toward that goal. Artificial intelligence has the possibility to provide faster, more reliable demand insights, quality management capabilities and real-time updates along the way, the study noted.

Tree Branches

How can I use AI to Categorize Product Data

Is there a best way to leverage AI to categorize product data?

Have you ever tried searching for a product on your favorite online shopping site, only to be disappointed when you couldn’t find the product that you’re looking for? Most product site search engines leverage accurate product categorization attributes to help narrow the search results for a user.

In this article we’re going to look at the impact that proper categorization has on search and how it’s now possible to automate product categorization with a machine learning model.

What is Categorization?

Categorization starts with a well designed product category taxonomy. The product taxonomy defines how each product type is related. The first couple levels of a product taxonomy contain broad category labels. For a grocery taxonomy, the top levels might be organized by departments within the store. It’s a logical representation of the way that a shopper would look for a given product in the physical store. A taxonomy is often referred to as a “Product tree”, with each product category referred to as a “branch” and each individual item referred to as a “leaf” on that branch.

Grocery taxonomy example:

  1. Meat & Seafood

    1. Fresh Meat

      1. Ribs

      2. Smoked Ham

      3. Specialty Meat

      4. Kosher Meat

      5. ...

    2. Fresh Seafood

    3. Packaged Meat

    4. Packaged Seafood

  2. Produce

  3. Deli

  4. Bakery

  5. Adult Beverages

  6. Beverages

  7. Floral

  8. ...

For a new product to be put into the online product catalog, it first needs to be categorized appropriately into the correct level of the product taxonomy. This is easy enough for a human to complete the product categorization, however, when you have thousands and thousands of products, this can be a tedious process.

Why is Categorization Important?

The science of search has evolved over the last two decades. Trying to determine the searchers intent from one or two words is not a simple process. We’re not going to dive into that in this article. However, in the specific use case of product search for an ecommerce website, most shoppers will generally include the object of their intent as part of the search input. In most cases this data can be used to quickly narrow the results set based on the product taxonomy. After all, the consumer isn’t looking for organic lettuce in the seafood section, nor would they be looking for seafood in the produce section. So one method to quickly close the search breadth is to narrow the search to specific sub-branch of the product taxonomy.

One downside to improper categorization is that improperly categorized products can become “lost”. When a product is mis-categorized on an improper branch of the taxonomy, the search engine may either (1) not find the product or (2) relegate the mis-categorized product to the bottom of the search results.

Don’t believe me? Try this: go to your favorite ecommerce provider, search for something, and then go to the last page of the search results. What do find there? Don’t let this happen to your product catalog.

In addition, the product category for a given catalog item can help define the product schema that should be employed to display the product information for the consumer on the product data page. The schema can also help define the meaning of generic product attributes, depending on the product type.

What is ATOM?

ATOM is the product categorization service from IceCream Labs. We developed ATOM as an API service which can be accessed automatically from your product information manager. ATOM takes a product title or description as an input and outputs the recommended product category for the item. ATOM is powered by a machine learning model that has been trained on millions of product records. It’s constantly learning as it processes new data.

With ATOM, you can properly categorize or validate a new product item before accepting it into your production product catalog.

To learn more about ATOM, or see a demo, contact our sales team: sales@icecreamlabs.com

PHOTO CREDIT: Photo by Min An from Pexels

shopping cart filled with groceries in a supermarket aisle

What to Expect from Online Shopping in 2019?

What to Expect from Online Shopping in 2019?

Retail is changing at lightning speed and as we move towards the end of the year, as consumers begin anticipating what their shopping experience will look like in 2019. Retailers continue to evolve in a highly competitive world where delivery, customer experience, and convenience are the main factors that seal the fate of any store - forcing some into bankruptcy and propelling some into profits.

Here are five things to look forward to in retail next year, and most of them include technology:

More online grocery shopping

Despite having a small portion of consumers using online grocery shopping, industry experts expect digital sales to reach 20 percent of the total grocery market by 2025. Many retailers are partnering with third-party delivery companies such as Shipt and Instacart, enabling many consumers to order groceries from anywhere in a click or tap of a button. Soon, consumers will increasingly order online.

This includes both delivery and ordering online to pick up in store. It’s also expected that social media platforms like Instagram will continue discovering new ways to convince consumers to buy online.

Voice Retail

Experts say shoppers will increasingly pick up voice shopping through smartphones, Amazon devices, and vehicles.

Consumers with Alexa-enabled devices are already able to purchase their groceries, home goods, and gifts through Amazon and Whole Foods Market. But other retailers are starting to get in on the action.

Kroger recently announced plans to roll out voice ordering through Alexa-enabled devices and Amazon has released software that allows developers to integrate Alexa in vehicle infotainment systems.

More private labels

 Private labels have proven successful in the eyes of consumers this year. Dozens of retailers including Target, Kroger, Walmart, Aldi, and Amazon have expanded private label offerings this year.

Private labels are notorious for adding exclusivity that builds customer loyalty, all while keeping profit margins high without suppliers taking their cuts. Many of the retailers have passed the savings to the consumer with low-cost private labels that are increasingly growing in popularity.

Growth in artificial intelligence

Retailers have used artificial intelligence to learn consumer and market habits. The technology becomes increasingly beneficial for online retailers looking to upsell without a physical salesperson. Different subscription services like Stitch Fix and Kidbox have used AI to analyze subscriber data to recommend products that increase relevance and are more likely to be purchased.

Retailers are trying to use AI to expand holiday shopping earlier as well, learning what consumers will want most around the holidays as early in the year as possible. The intelligence can help spread out orders so delivery systems won’t become as congested close to the holidays.

More interactive aisles

As consumer shopping habits shift to favor experience, retailers are scrambling to find ways to draw crowds into stores. In 2019, augmented reality and virtual reality are likely to take a stronger foothold in all types of brick-and-mortar stores.

 For example, Kettering-based Marxent has developed augmented reality technology for Macy’s to show how furniture could look without having to purchase the items.

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three trays filled with salad ingredients

Personalization: The important role it plays for Grocery Retailers

Personalization: Why is it important  for Grocery Retailers


In today’s hyper-local and hyper-personalized consumer demands, delivering a tailor-made and individualistic message becomes extremely important.

They can be put off by irrelevant messages and the likelihood of them seeking products elsewhere increases. They want to buy from innovative companies who create better experiences tailored to their preferences and previous behavior.

While grocery has often been a leader in data and personalization, the focus was not entirely on creating a genuine and valuable customer experience.

To keep up with the ever-changing customer expectations and to stay a step ahead, food companies need to facilitate a consumer’s needs before they arise, and the retailers that capture on this trend, are more likely to succeed in the future.

Personalized recommendations is not a new concept. Spotify creates playlists based on songs that a user has previously enjoyed and Amazon’s recommendations based on previous purchases.

Personalized recommendations are not news. YouTube is recommending which songs we should listen to next, Spotify is creating playlists based on songs we enjoyed in the past, what day of the week it is or time of day, Amazon is letting us know which books we might like based on what’s in our cart, but we feel frustrated if the recommendations feel impersonal.

In a society with a unique sense of self, search with the term “for me” is growing exponentially and food companies are looking for ways to create food recommendations that will not let the consumer down.

Grocery retailers have recognized the need for creating personalized shopping experiences as well, but are still struggling to implement every step of a connected and delightful consumer journey.

Leveraging both the data provided by the consumer and past purchase behaviors can help grocery retailers deliver more personalized and meaningful shopping experiences, thus increasing customer loyalty and basket size.

In the blog post, we will explore more about why consumers expect Personalisation from grocery retailers. 

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view of a grocery aisle

Technologies shaping the Supermarket of the Future

Technologies and Trends shaping the Supermarket of the Future

Food businesses will have to change to stay competitive – online, in-store, and at sorting and processing plants too.

The technological boom and the increasing adoption of Industry 4.0 among retailers are creating disruption across all industries. This change is coming to supermarkets which will have an immediate impact on the entire food industry supply chain. Technological innovations – both online and in-store along with the shifting consumer demands will re-shape the supermarket of the future.
Traditional brick-and-mortar supermarket chains are strengthening their own e-commerce capabilities to stay on par with their digitally native competitors. The global grocery e-commerce market is forecasted to expand from an annual value of 43 billion pounds to 135 billion pounds by 2025.

Another aspect that e-commerce players must note is while they are making efforts to establish a strong foothold in the US and European markets, they may face serious challenges because the existing grocery market is saturated and the margins are low. This indicates that the global growth in food e-commerce will be driven by Asia, where there is a willingness to purchase groceries online, along with rapid urbanization, low labor costs, and a newer retail market.

Rising consumer expectations

Widespread food shopping online and fast deliveries to customers’ front doors will only just be the tip of the iceberg in the new world. Computer codes and algorithms will further enable supermarkets to collect data about shopper preferences and habits and use this to personalize their offerings to customers. Recommendation engines further help nudge customers to make purchases similar or related to the products that they have already purchased or been looking for via the “Recommended for you” web pages.

The growing number of people with moderate incomes and lifestyles will become more aware of food safety and more curious about how their foods are sourced and screened. Moreover, food shoppers will develop higher expectations and become critical when buying fresh fruits and vegetables. More will want to know how fresh the produce is and whether or when it is ready to eat.

Consumers will further have the ability to check information about the origins and nutritional value of produce and will be able to see suggestions for recipes and food pairings. This will attract a greater number of customers while making each feel as if they are being provided with individual shopping experiences.

The ad-hoc demand created through the online ‘nudge’ will challenge the traditional food supply chain. Processing lines will need to know precise details about the food – where it is coming from and what is in the storage to meet the demand.

Technology to ensure quality and safety

Grading and inspection equipment – at point-of-origin, prior to shipment to the supermarket, or from the on-line dispatching warehouse – can ensure that the fresh produce has the desired size and ripeness without bruising or mold. In addition, sorting equipment at different stages in the supply chain will be able to provide essential information on sizing, quality and other quality markers.

Traditional supermarkets fight back against the online disruptors – and information about shoppers’ preferences and habits will be an important weapon. Consumer-facing technologies, such as shopping-cart-mounted devices or smartphone apps, will steer shoppers towards the aisles and shelves where they are more likely to make purchases. Sensors in the store’s shelves will keep track of the items customers put in their carts and bill their mobile payment system as they exit the store.

Looking ahead

Another likelihood is that supermarkets will remain the same size but change in concept, becoming destinations for click and mortar shopping. Retailers need to offer consumers a consistent omnichannel experience, stores will connect the physical and digital worlds. Here, consumers can see and feel products they might order online. Here, too, the online product offering could also be accessible via interactive screens.
These changes align with the forecast growth in consumer demand for healthier, high-quality produce, more choice, and greater convenience – a demand which will increase massively as household incomes rise in developing nations, bringing 70 million more people globally every year.

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Leveraging AI and Machine Learning for Product Matching

Leveraging AI and Machine Learning for Product Matching

There is a vast number of products sold online through various outlets all over the world. Identifying, matching and cross-checking products for purposes such as price comparison becomes a challenge as there are no global unique identifiers.

There are many situations where accurately identifying a product match is essential. For instance, stores may want to compare competitor prices for the same product they may offer. Similarly, customers may use comparison tools to get the best deals. Amazon allows different sellers to offer the same products only after ensuring that they are the same before listing the sellers in a single, unique product page.

Numerous products but no method to match them across different stores

Product titles/descriptions do not have a standardized format. Each store, as well as different sellers within a store, might have different titles and descriptions for the same products. Another challenge comes in with respect to attribute listings as different e-tailers follow different formats. The product images of the same product also differ across different e-tailers.

While there are standardized unique identifiers like UPC, MPN, GTIN, etc, they, however, may not be mentioned in the product page in all stores selling them. The attributes themselves may be described differently - for instance 9" and 9 inches. Images may be included but they can differ in perspective, clarity, tone, etc. The brand name may also be referred to in different ways like GE and General Electric.


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It is an impossible task for a human to visit different product pages to ensure if they are matching the same products. Although, if the process is to be automated, how can it be ensured that the system makes sense of all the information. This is when AI and machine learning come into the picture. 

Machine Learning for Product Matching

In machine learning solutions for product matching, the solution provider must initially build a database with billions of products. This can be done by collecting information through web crawls and feeds. The system then has to come up with a universal taxonomy. This especially is a unique challenge as different retailers use different classifications for their products, and the same product might be listed in more than one category. For instance, a particular shoe model might be listed under casual shoes as well as dress shoes. The system first must design a standardized taxonomy, irrespective of how a particular store classifies its products.

There are standard classification models such as Google Taxonomy, GS1, and Amazon but a product match solution may devise its own taxonomy. The universal taxonomy is designed by identifying patterns and signals from titles, product descriptions and attributes, and from images.

Once a universal taxonomy is in place, the next step is making particular product matches. Here, there is a need for precise comparisons to ensure a particular product is indeed the same unique product, despite the differences in titles, images, descriptions, etc. First, there is a search for unique identifiers such as UPC or GTIN on the product page. Then, the product titles need to be compared. It needs to be noted that no two product titles are the same across different stores for the same product, for example:

Neural networks play a key role

Neural networks and deep learning techniques are extensively used to identify and learn from similarities, to identify and learn from differences, and produce word-level embedding to create a system of representation for common words. This involves teaching the system to recognize different references to a unique entity such as 'GE' and General Electric or 7" or 7 inches, to come up with one unique representation for each entity.

A product can be identified using its title, description, images and attributes or its specifications list. In many cases, the product title itself will yield a lot of information and the system needs to be trained to differentiate the product name (for instance, brand model) from the attributes.

<Phone model images>Samsung Galaxy Note 8 (US Version) Factory Unlocked Phone 64GB – Midnight Black (Certified Refurbished)Samsung Galaxy Note 8 is the phone model, and the title provides additional information like the memory size, US version, Factory Unlocked Refurbished, etc. 

Identifying and sorting product matches 

The information then needs to be extracted and sorted into the appropriate slots - Phone model, version, memory size, etc. Different techniques might be used to help the system learn to parse and sort the different sets of information. 

The next comparison comes in the form of more information about the product such as the title, description containing additional information and a specs table. These help add more knowledge about the product, and the machine will be better able to identify an exact product match or mismatch in the following comparison.

The standard identifying signals are similar results or positive matches for unique identification numbers (UPC or MPN), classification, brand, title, attributes, and image. For each comparison, the system follows a long procedure of checks or safety valves. The checks pass through a search for the unique identification number, a test for keyword similarities, brand normalization and match (for example, HP is the same as Hewlett Packard), attribute normalization and match ( 9 inches is the same as 9in, 9"), image matching, etc. There is also a check for variation in attributes such as:

For the best product match result, there has to be at least 99% of positive results. It will be considered a mismatch, even if it is a variation of what is essentially the same product. Different product match solutions employ different techniques and training methods, and it is a complicated process. Although, there is an advantage that neural networks and machine learning learn over time, and get better with each use.

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street view of a store front in LA

Transforming the Retail Customer Experience with In-store Analytics

Transforming the Retail Customer Experience with In-store Analytics

While online retailers have the advantage of tracking cookies and web analytics tools to calibrate different aspects of an online shopping experience, brick and mortar retailers aren’t as lucky. They have had to depend on much erratic customer insights.
However,in today’s date, even physical retailers are required to hold up to some very high expectations in shopping experiences.

In fact, in order for physical stores to remain relevant, they have to focus on improving the quality of the experience they deliver. This has led to the creation of entire businesses in retail experience innovation.

One of the ways a brick and mortar retailer can provide a quality experience is through the employment of in-store analytics that provides insights into the behavior of the customers and uses that information to engage with their customers as they shop. The use of in-store analytics has revolutionized how retailers understand their customers and how they communicate with them.

How will in-store analytics build up communication between shoppers and retailers?

In order to answer that question it is important to know how In-store analytics works.
For example, when a furniture store to offers free Wi-Fi, it may seem a bit strange.
Actually when the Wi-Fi is enabled on one’s phone, the device sends out a connection request every few seconds on every Wi-Fi channel available. It updates the list of the available networks after listening for a fraction of a second for a response to come back,

Interestingly, when a device probes the Wi-Fi spectrum, it broadcasts its unique MAC address to any device that’s listening. So, as one walks around in that furniture store, every Wi-Fi probe then acts as a beacon for the location. With multiple Wi-Fi access points available inside a single store, it becomes possible to considerably precisely locate each address. As far as the owner of the device is concerned, this happens passively without having to actually join a Wi-Fi network.



Although nothing about a device’s owner is being shared, the retailer can build a picture of what individuals do as they walk around a store. Such as, the number of customers who went to the first floor, the time people tend to spend in a particular region, the waiting period of customers before they come back to the shop.

This aids in understanding the broader shopping habits and interceding with informed in-store customer communication. Instead of having communication with customer transpire at the convenience of the retailer, it can happen at the customer’s convenience. 

Sending an SMS to inform of a sale as an effective marketing tactic. Sending emails every month or even good old direct post may increase customer movement towards a local store. However, a more customer-centric communication of a timely WhatsApp message offering assistance when the furniture store operator gets to know that the customer has spent over 20 minutes in the dining table department.

MAC address tracking to deliver a more personalised Customer Experience


Anonymously tracking a MAC address results in a more personalized customer communication and in understanding individual behavior in the retail experience. As the data increases, the MAC addressing question ceases to just be a randomly generated number and instead represents the behaviors of a real person. At this stage, there’s nothing to identify the individual who owns the phone but it’s possible to build a picture of who they are.

Whether gathered in multiple locations or over a longer time period in just one location, as the data builds it becomes useful in crafting more personalized communication, which can help increase sales and enhance the customer experience.

Relying on anonymized data can deliver only so much, though. And that brings us back to why the furniture store offers free Wi-Fi. As soon as someone signs up for that Wi-Fi, the store can associate the MAC address with whatever data they capture in the sign-up process. At the very least, that’s likely to be a name, email address and cellphone number. Again, that person never has to use the Wi-Fi: as long as they keep the same device, their MAC address and identity are linked.

Other retailers might not rely just on free Wi-Fi. They might have a loyalty or coupon-based mobile app that requires users to provide some personal data. Depending on the phone’s operating system, that app might be able to access the MAC address itself and make the connection for the retailer. Either way, retailers can incentivize shoppers to make their MAC address personally identifiable. And when that happens, communication can truly become personalized.

Respecting the shopper’s personal data

Either through inertia or without realizing it, most people publicly surfing the web are constantly being tracked. Sure, there are some loud voices of complaint but the vast majority of people accept it or don’t care.

As the company behind smart recycling bin advertisements in London and Nordstrom in the US discovered, people are less keen to have their physical location tracked. Even if it’s only an anonymized MAC address, such tracking could feel intrusive.

A value exchange for a richer retail experience


The answer, perhaps, is to take a tip from the loyalty schemes of large retailers: provide a genuine benefit to customers in exchange for gathering valuable data on their habits. Just as loyalty schemes such as Air Miles and Tesco Clubcard offer coupons, cashback, and exclusive store events, retailers can build similar value into retail location tracking and analysis. Rather than silently track customers, they can volitionally opt in to a mobile-phone enabled rewards program when they enter the store-a loyalty scheme for the 21st century.

Location tracking has the potential to transform how retailers communicate with their customers. It will provide the insight to know precisely when to engage and when to leave someone alone. However, it will work only if customers can see a tangible benefit to giving up some of their privacy.

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